Definition of Dyspareunia
Dyspareunia is defined as recurrent or persistent genital pain associated with sexual intercourse that is not caused exclusively by vaginismus or lack of lubrication.
Dyspareunia can be divided into three types of pain:
Prevalence of Dyspareunia
The prevalence of dyspareunia in women has been estimated at approximately 14%, with significant variations across the lifespan. The highest prevalence is found in women 18-24 years of age.
Pain with intercourse can occur in men but is relatively rare, with an estimated prevalence rate of 3%. Higher rates have been reported in men who engage in receptive anal intercourse. Overall, dyspareunia is considered primarily a female sexual dysfunction.